Operation Gladio And The Historical Evidence Of Homegrown Terrorism

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Written by Gavin Nascimento, Founder of aNewKindOfHuman

Operation Gladio – Italy

On December 12th, 1969, a cold day in Milan, Italy, a bomb explosion decimated the inside of the National Agrarian Bank which claimed the lives of more than a dozen innocent bystanders. One hour later, 3 more bombs would go off in different parts of the country. In total, at least 13 innocent people lost their lives, and more than 100 others were injured as a result of these inhumane attacks. This event sent shock waves throughout the country, and is one of the most significant happenings in Italy’s modern day history for the ensuing madness that followed.

Just 7 months after the terrorist bombing of the bank, another explosion on a train in Gioia Tauro went off, murdering another 6 innocent people and injuring 72 more. The worst of these though, was the 1980 Bologna massacre, which killed 85 people and wounded another 200. In fact, as pointed out years later by the Italian Senator Giovanni Pellegrino, president of Italy’s parliamentary commission whilst investigating these attacks , “between January 1st, 1969 and December 31st, 1987, there have been in Italy 14,591 acts of violence with a political motivation. It is maybe worth remembering that these ‘acts’ have left behind 491 dead and 1,181 injured and maimed”.[1] In other words, senseless terrorism became a recurring theme in the country.

These parliamentary investigations, along with other probes, many of which were suppressed or outright covered up[2][3][4], would after 4 decades finally reveal CIA, NATO and MI6 meddling in Europe on a monumental scale. Although the UK and German intelligence agencies both had similar structures already put in place during world war 2, once the fighting had officially ended, the newly created CIA (in conjunction with former Nazi Reinhard Gehlen), along with the veteran MI6 agency, decided to continue a covert war against the ideology of communism and ‘left wing’ values, by setting up “stay behind armies” throughout Europe with the cooperation and assistance of various secret agencies, in an operation known officially as Gladio.[5]

Although originally setup (or advertised) as a counter balance against communism, their strategy, according to former operative Vincenzo Vinciguerra went much further than that;

“You had to attack civilians, the people, women, children, innocent people, far removed from the political arena. For one simple reason: to force the Italian public to turn to the state to ask for greater security… so people would willingly trade part of their freedom for security.”


Interview with Vincenzo Vinciguerra from the BBC Documentary Gladio

The implications of his statement are colossal in scope for obvious reasons; namely because it brings into question our child like perception of the popular narrative and portrayal that is “terrorism”,  as it does our opinion of the overall role and agenda of politicians and governments. In other words, our very perception of “reality” is shaken.

Vincenzo today is rightfully serving a life sentence for a similar terrorist attack that resulted in 3 police officials deaths in 1972 which, much like the bombing of the train and the bank, was originally blamed on left wing groups by the media and the authorities for political reasons. To further corroborate this propaganda story, Marco Morin, an explosives investigator and “expert” who was covertly working for the Gladio system, claimed the explosives used were the same that a left wing organization known as the Red Brigades used. Felice Casson, a judge and magistrate in Italy who was presumably not bought and paid for, found this to be a deliberate lie and the explosives used were actually the same as employed by NATO.[6] This revelation would eventually lead to the exposé of operation Gladio, which is ongoing to this day.

As difficult as these documented facts are to comprehend and come to terms with, Operation Gladio was not exclusive to Italy alone.

In fact, it was in effect all over Europe, albeit under uniquely different names;

Belgium: SDRA8
Denmark: Absalon
France: Plan Bleu
Britain: Operation Stay Behind
Germany: TD BJD
Greece: LOK/Red Sheepskin
Luxembourg: Stay-Behind
Netherlands: I&O
Austria: OWSGV
Norway: ROC
Portugal: Aginter Press
Spain: Red Quantum
Switzerland: P26
Turkey: Özel Harp Dairesi
Sweden: AGAG (Aktions Gruppen Arla Gryning)

* Finland also belongs to this list but the name of their “stay behind” army remains unknown.

Operation Gladio – Belgium

Belgium, which began its operations in 1948, is where Operation Gladio’s last confirmed meeting was held in 1990.[7] This is also where NATO’s headquarters are located today too. Like Italy, Belgium was haunted by a series of psychotic terrorist attacks, most notably the Brabant killings in which 28 innocent civilians were gunned down and murdered indiscriminately. Civilians shopping in supermarkets were the primary targets. In one such instance, as noted by historian Daniele Ganser in his book, ‘NATO’s Secret Armies

“There was little cover or shelter for the terrified shoppers in the aisles of the supermarket from the three masked gunmen. In the ensuing massacre eight people, including a whole family, died, and seven more were injured. A husband and wife and their 14 year old daughter were finished off in cold blood at the supermarket check out. Another father and his nine year old daughter were killed in their car trying to flee. The takings from the raid amounted to a meager couple of thousand pounds, found later in a canal in an unopened sack… After the massacre, Justice Minister Jean Gol went on television to promise greater security to the terrified population.”

The trademark of these well executed highly skilled killings, aside from the “petty criminal motive”, as noted by police commissioner Julien Sapori, was to clearly terrorize the population. And, as a result, the citizens willingly surrendered more power to the government, which coincides with the strategy that Vincenzo Vinciguerra described in his interview featured above with Allan Francovich.

Belgian Senator Roger Lallemand has stated, based on his research, that he believes these terrorist attacks were “the work of foreign governments or of intelligence services working for foreigners, a terrorism aimed at destabilizing democratic society“.[8] Furthermore, according to journalist Rene Haquin who dedicated much of his career to uncovering these events, one of the prime suspects in the killings — who also admitted to being connected to the Gladio structure in an interview with him — named Paul latinus (head of the radical Westland New Post group), allegedly committed suicide — something those close to him contest.[9] In fact, many key suspects, former members and relevant individuals throughout the Gladio structure have either been killed by “suicide” or outright assassinated. In relation to the Brabant massacres,  though, it has been comparatively well established, through testimony and research, that these psychotic acts were indeed Gladio related Operations.[10][11][12]

Interview with Westland New Post Member Michel Libert from the BBC Documentary Gladio

 

Operation Gladio – Turkey, France, Germany, Spain, Greece

Unfortunately only three countries (Italy, Belgium and Switzerland) ever even held official investigations into the criminal units, and even though they did, the investigations were largely unproductive for obvious reasons. For the sake of readability, refraining from engaging in each and every one of these covert operations and their inherent ambiguity is necessary at this time. Based on research however, it should be mentioned that suspected Gladio operations include Turkey’s first ever coup in 1960, and the assassination of Turkish Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, as well as several terrorist attacks in Turkey that led to somewhere around 300 innocent people’s murders.[13]

In France, numerous attempted assassinations on French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle who opposed being a part of NATO and had butted heads with the U.S. and UK governments often. The supposed suicide of Gladio stay behind chief François de Grossouvre, and the assassination of police official Jacques Massie because “he knew too much”, along with the disappearance of his family (his parents and 8 year old son included).

In Germany, the alleged suicide of likely Gladio member Heinz Lembke while in police custody, and the Oktoberfest terrorist attack (which Lembke was directly linked to) where “high grade military explosives” were used in Germany, killing at least 12 innocent people and wounding another 200. In fact, to this day, the German government is still withholding secret documents about what happened in this bombing.[14]

In Spain, the Montejurra and Atocha massacres which killed 7 people and injured 7 more. In Greece, the military coup which resulted in a brutal dictatorship, the assassination of secret service agent Herbert Alboth in Switzerland and the assassination of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro, amongst others, all have what can justifiably be considered suspicious links to the covert terrorist network of Gladio. Further research into every single one of these events is necessary.

Operation Gladio – Europe & United States

It should also be mentioned that in 1962, when Gladio was in full effect in Europe, the United States secret service (the CIA) did, in fact, cook up a plot to attack the local population through various acts of violence and terrorism, that were to be blamed on the Cuban government. This covert plan was entitled Operation Northwoods.[15]

Intelligence Analyst James Bamford Summarizes Operation Northwoods

Fortunately the proposal was rejected by then president John F. Kennedy before he was assassinated one year later. It should also be mentioned that declassified documents[16] reveal the CIA manipulated investigations into his murder and focused on propagating the perception that Mr. Kennedy had been killed by a lone gunman with left wing Marxist values, named Lee Harvey Oswald; who himself actually consistently denied killing the president but was murdered before he could ever testify.

JFK’s assassination was just one of about a dozen major hits within the United States that could potentially be connected to Gladio. Other assassinations worth mentioning during this time, include his younger brother Senator Robert F. Kennedy, Foreign Ambassador Orlando Letelier, musician John Lennon, civil rights leaders Medgar Evers, Malcolm X, Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, as well as Huey Newton and Martin Luther King Jr. — who twelve jurors in a civil trial in Memphis, Tennessee on December 8, 1999 ruled “Government agencies” guilty of killing — and Native American activist Anna Mae Aquash, amongst others.

It should also be further mentioned that there was an Operation entitled Condor going on in South America connected to Gladio during this time as well. Once again, various intelligence agencies and their associates were targeting people with suspected “left wing” values and ideals. It resulted in tens of thousands of murders and major crimes against humanity.[17] This operation was fully backed by the CIA and U.S. government.[18]

Operation Gladio was in progress in Europe for more than 40 years before it was officially exposed in 1990 by judge Felice Casson. Consequently, Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, who had previously outright denied (under oath) the existence of the secret structure known as Gladio, was forced to admit that it was, in fact, real.[19]

Once these revelations surfaced, despite Andreotti confirming that a meeting in relation to Gladio had just been held a month prior to his confession, it was claimed in politically predictable fashion that the covert operation would now be scrapped due to public protest but is this really true?

Written by Gavin Nascimento, Founder of aNewKindOfHuman

Citations:

[1]Ganser, Daniele (2004), NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe, P.5
[2]Ibid, P.18,23,24,34,35,36,37,129,130,210,211
[3]Francovich, Allan (1992), Gladio, 3 part documentary series broadcasted on BBC2
[4]Willan, P. Philip (2002) Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy
[5]O’Shaughnessy, Hugh, Gladio Europe’s best kept secret, The Observer, 7 June 1992
[6]Ganser, Daniele (2004), NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe, P.3
[7]Haberman, Clyde, Evolution in Europe; Italy Discloses Its Web Of Cold War Guerrillas, New York Times, November 16 1990
[8]O’Shaughnessy, Hugh, Gladio Europe’s best kept secret, The Observer, 7 June 1992
[9]Ganser, Daniele (2004), NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe,P.147
[10]Francovich, Allan, (1992) Gladio, 3 part documentary series broadcasted on BBC2
[11]Pichler, Andreas (2009), NATO’s Secret Armies, documentary
[12]Ganser, Daniele (2004), NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe
[13]Istanbul pogrom (1955) Taksim Square massacre (1977), Beyazit massacre (1978), Bahçelievler massacre (1978), Maras massacre (1978), Çorum massacre (1980)
[14]Henning, Dietmar, World Socialist Web Site, 18 April 2015
[15]George Washington State National Security Archive (2001) ‘Pentagon Proposed Pretexts for Cuba Invasion in 1962’
[16]Ibid, (2014)(U) DCI John McCone and the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy
[17]Castillo, Mariano, Trial over terrifying ‘Operation Condor’ under way, CNN, March 5, 2013
[18]George Washington State National Security Archive, OPERATION CONDOR: National Security Archive Presents Trove of Declassified Documentation in Historic Trial in Argentina (2015)
[19]Vulliamy, Ed, Secret agents, freemasons, fascists and a top-level campaign of political ‘destabilization’, the Guardian, 5 December 1990

Recommended Reading in Relation to This Essay(click to be redirected for more reviews/purchase):

Willan, P. Philip (2002) Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy
Ganser, Daniele (2004), NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe
Williams, L. Paul (2015), Operation Gladio: The Unholy Alliance Between The Vatican, The CIA, and The Mafia
Edmonds, Sibel (2012),  Classified Woman: The Sibel Edmonds Story : a Memoir
Edmonds Sibel (2014), The Lone Gladio
Machon, Annie (2005), Spies,Lies and Whistleblowers: MI5 and the David Shayler Affair
O’Sullivan, Shane (2008), Who Killed Bobby?: The Unsolved Murder of Robert F. Kennedy
Ross, Colin (2006), The CIA Doctors: Human Rights Violations by American Psychiatrists
Aaronson, Trevor (2013), The Terror Factory: Inside the FBI’s Manufactured War on Terrorism
Jenkins, Tricia, (2012) The CIA in Hollywood : How the Agency Shapes Film and Television

Recommended Viewing in Relation to This Essay:

Pichler, Andreas (2009), NATO’s Secret Armies, documentary
Francovich, Allan, (1992) Gladio, 3 part documentary series broadcasted on BBC2
Raymond, Terrence (2006), Evidence of Revision, 6 part documentary series
Mazzucco, Massimo (2013), September 11: The New Pearl Harbor, 3 part documentary series
Curtis, Adam (2013), The Century of the Self, 4 part series broadcasted on BBC2
Curtis Adam (2004), The Power of Nightmares, 3 part series broadcasted on BBC2

Authors Note: I would like to make it very clear that I do not vouch fully and wholly for anyone’s research. It is up to the viewer to filter and further research for themselves. I am only willing to take full responsibility for the credibility of my own personal writings.

Authors Note:  All my work is open source and I encourage it to be reproduced. I only ask that you give me credit, both before and after, in an effort to help me build a formidable following of people truly intent on learning and creating positive change.

Senior Editor Note: If you wish to republish this essay please be certain to give credit to author Gavin Nascimento, Founder of aNewKindOfHuman.